Collaboration
   During World War II, Nazi Germany received the support of people residing in countries under German occupation. Those who collaborated with the Nazis were sympathetic not only to Germany’s wartime objectives but also to its plan to annihilate the Jews of Europe. The following examples of political organizations that collaborated with the Germans is by no means a complete one but includes the General Commission on Jewish Affairs, established by the Vichy regime in March 1941. The organization played an important role in writing the anti-Jewish Statute on the Jews (Statut des Juifs). In Latvia, the “Thunder Cross,” a paramilitary unit headed by Major Victor Arajs (Kommando Arajs), joined with the Einsatzgruppen to spread terror against the Jews of Latvia. In the Netherlands, the collaborationist group was the Brandenbergs. In Hungary, the Hungarian Dejewification Unit aided Adolf Eichmann in the deportation of Hungarian Jewry to Auschwitz. In Poland, the “Blue Police” were active in monitoring daily police tasks in the ghettos, and in Ukraine, the “Expeditionary Forces” aided the Germans in the roundup and killing of Jews. In Norway, the name of Vidkun Quisling became synonymous with collaboration. Pro-Nazi collaborationist political groups were active in almost every country under German occupation.
   See also Romania.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

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  • collaboration — [ kɔ(l)labɔrasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1829; « travaux d un couple » 1753; bas lat. collaborare → collaborer 1 ♦ Travail en commun, action de collaborer avec qqn. La collaboration d un spécialiste à une revue, à un journal. Livre écrit en collaboration. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • collaboration — col‧lab‧o‧ra‧tion [kəˌlæbəˈreɪʆn] noun 1. [countable, uncountable] the activity of working together with another person, company etc in order to achieve something: • More collaboration between companies is needed to speed up the development of… …   Financial and business terms

  • collaboration — 1860, from Fr. collaboration, noun of action from L. collaborare (see COLLABORATE (Cf. collaborate)). In a bad sense, tratorious cooperation with an occupying enemy, it is recorded from 1940; earliest references are to the Vichy Government of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Collaboration — Col*lab o*ra tion, n. 1. The act of working together; united labor. [1913 Webster] 2. the act of willingly cooperating with an enemy, especially an enemy nation occupying one s own country. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • collaboration — index bad faith, coaction, collusion, concert, conformity (agreement), connivance, contribution (pa …   Law dictionary

  • collaboration — [n] cooperation alliance, association, collusion, combination, concert, fraternization, joint effort, participation, partnership, teamwork, working together; concept 110 Ant. noncooperation …   New thesaurus

  • Collaboration — For other uses, see Collaboration (disambiguation). See also: Co operation; Coordination. Collaboration is working together to achieve a goal.[1] It is a recursive[2] process where two or more people or organizations work together to realize… …   Wikipedia

  • collaboration — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ active, close ▪ effective, fruitful, happy, successful ▪ interdisciplinary, international …   Collocations dictionary

  • collaboration — 01. The musical [collaboration] of John Lennon and Paul McCartney produced some of the most popular songs of our era. 02. [Collaboration] between the various levels of government has made everything much easier. 03. Celebrities who write their… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • collaboration — [[t]kəlæ̱bəre͟ɪʃ(ə)n[/t]] collaborations 1) N VAR: oft N with n, N between pl n, in N Collaboration is the act of working together to produce a piece of work, especially a book or some research. There is substantial collaboration with… …   English dictionary

  • Collaboration — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Collaboration désigne d une façon générale l acte de collaborer. Processus où deux ou plusieurs personnes s’associent pour réaliser un travail avec des… …   Wikipédia en Français

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