- Displaced Persons
- (DPs)Of the eight million Europeans who had been driven from their countries during World War II, two million were unable to be repatriated and were placed in displaced persons camps that were administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). Among the DPs were approximately 50,000 Jews who had been liberated from the concentration camps and found themselves in areas under American control. The Jewish DPs came from all parts of German-occupied Europe, and for many of them, there was no place to which they could return. During the Holocaust, entire towns and villages had been destroyed by the Germans, and many of the DPs were survivors of large families that had been murdered by the Nazis.The camps for the displaced Jews were generally overcrowded, and on occasion the Jewish internees were objects of anti-Semitic taunts from their Allied liberators. The DPs were aided, however, by the relief efforts of the American Joint Distribution Committee. In August 1945, President Harry S. Truman appointed Earl Harrison as his special envoy to inquire into the conditions of the Jews in the DP camps in the American zone in Germany. Harrison was appalled by what he saw, and his report was a devastating indictment of Allied military policy toward the surviving Jews. His report concluded with the observation that “we appear to be treating the Jews as the Nazis treated them, except that we do not exterminate them.” Based on the report’s findings, President Truman requested the British to grant 100,000 visas to Jewish refugees to enter Palestine. The British, however, still guided by the provisions of the White Paper of 1939, were willing to grant only 6,000 visas.Subsequently, 40,000 refugee Jews, including 30,000 who were residents of the DP camps, were illegally smuggled into Palestine by Zionist groups in the Yishuv.See also Aliya Bet.
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. 2014.
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Displaced\ persons — Displaced Persons … Deutsche Rechtschreibung Änderungen
Displaced\ persons — Displaced Persons … Wörterbuch Veränderungen in der deutschen Rechtschreibung
Displaced Persons — Displaced Person (DP; engl. für eine „Person, die nicht an diesem Ort beheimatet ist“) ist eine Verwaltungskategorie der westlichen Alliierten von 1944. Sie bezeichnet eine Zivilperson, die sich aufgrund von Kriegsfolgen zwangsweise außerhalb… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Displaced persons — Displaced Person (DP; engl. für eine „Person, die nicht an diesem Ort beheimatet ist“) ist eine Verwaltungskategorie der westlichen Alliierten von 1944. Sie bezeichnet eine Zivilperson, die sich aufgrund von Kriegsfolgen zwangsweise außerhalb… … Deutsch Wikipedia
DISPLACED PERSONS — DISPLACED PERSONS, term for the hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees and millions of non Jews uprooted by the devastation of World War II, a large proportion of whom wound up in Displaced Persons camps set up by the victorious Allied forces… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Displaced Persons — [dɪs pleɪst pəːsnz, englisch], Abkürzungen D. P., DP, 1) Personen nichtdeutscher Staatsangehörigkeit, die im Zweiten Weltkrieg von den deutschen Besatzungsbehörden in das Gebiet des Deutschen Reiches verschleppt worden (»Zwangsarbeiter«) oder… … Universal-Lexikon
Displaced persons camp — A displaced persons camp or DP camp is a temporary facility for displaced persons coerced into forced migration. The term is mainly used for camps established after World War II in West Germany and in Austria, as well as in the United Kingdom,… … Wikipedia
Displaced Persons Act — Der Displaced Persons Act (auch: Displaced Persons Act of 1948) war ein US amerikanisches Bundesgesetz, mit dem Displaced Persons (DPs) unabhängig von bestehenden Quoten für Einwanderer die Einwanderung in die USA ermöglicht wurde. Hintergrund… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Scouting in displaced persons camps — Scouting has been active in displaced persons camps (DP camps) and in the lives of refugees since World War II. During and after World War II, until the early 1950s, Scouting and Guiding flourished in these camps. These Scout and Girl… … Wikipedia
Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, Accommodation and Refugees (Georgia) — Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, Accommodation and Refugees საქართველოს ოკუპირებული ტერიტორიებიდან იძულებით გადაადგილებულ პირთა, განსახლებისა და ლტოლვილთა სამინისტრო Coat of Arms of Georgia … Wikipedia