- Following the pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in August 1939, the Baltic states of Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Lithuania became part of the Soviet sphere of influence in the region. In August 1940, Estonia was annexed as a Soviet republic. Following its invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, Estonia was occupied by the Germans. During its three years under Nazi rule, Estonia was granted self-rule but again became a Soviet republic following the Red Army’s return in 1944. On the eve of World War II, there were approximately 4,500 Jews in Estonia, which constituted about 0.4 percent of the population. Despite their small numbers, Jews were the objects of anti-Semitic attacks from the Omakaitse, the anti-Soviet nationalist political movement.During July 1941, the Germans occupied Estonia and in the first few weeks of their occupation subjected the Jews to many anti-Jew ish measures; forcing them to wear the yellow Star of David, prohibiting them to walk on sidewalks or use public transportation, and confiscating their property. As was the case throughout the Baltic states under German occupation, the Estonian Jewish community was targeted for death by Einsatzgruppe A, which was assisted by the Omakaitse. By January 1942, Einsatzgruppe A reported that 936 Jews had been killed. Thousands of the more fortunate Jews were able to escape to the Soviet Union, where they remained until the end of the war.
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Estonia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eesti Vabariik República de Estonia … Wikipedia Español
Estonia — M/S Estonia Werft: Meyer Werft, Papenburg, Deutschland Ersteigentümer: Viking Line letzter Eigentümer: EstLine … Deutsch Wikipedia
ESTONIA — (Est. Esti), independent state from the 1990s, after the breakup of the Soviet Union, bordering on the gulfs of Finland and Riga. Estonia was an independent republic from 1918 to 1940. From 1940 to the dissolution of the U.S.S.R., with an… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Estonia — often said to be from a Germanic source akin to east, but perhaps rather from a native name meaning waterside dwellers … Etymology dictionary
Estonia — [e stō′nē ə, estōn′yə] country in N Europe, on the Baltic Sea: from 1940 to 1991 it was a republic of the U.S.S.R.: 17,413 sq mi (45,099 sq km); pop. 1,566,000; cap. Tallinn: formerly, Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic … English World dictionary
Estonia — Infobox Country native name = et. Eesti Vabariik conventional long name = Republic of Estonia common name = Estonia national anthem = Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm (English: en. My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy ) map caption = map caption|location … Wikipedia
Estonia — /e stoh nee euh, e stohn yeuh/, n. a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of the Gulf of Finland: an independent republic 1918 40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 1,444,721; 17,413 sq. mi. (45,100 sq. km). Cap.:… … Universalium
Estonia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Estonia <p></p> Background: <p></p> After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the … The World Factbook
Estonia — La República de Estonia está situada en el noreste de Europa y forma parte de la Unión Europea (UE). Linda con el Mar Báltico al oeste, el Golfo de Finlandia al norte, el estado báltico de Letonia al sur y Rusia al este. * * * (Eesti) ► Estado de … Enciclopedia Universal
Estonia — The Roman Catholic Church became the dominant force in Estonia between the 10th and the 13th centuries, though the Eastern orthodox presence is almost as ancient. Estonia s geographical position near Germany ensured that Lutheranism would… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism