- The ideological foundation of Nazi doctrine rested on its objective of producing a master race of blond, blue-eyed Aryans. Because the Nazis believed that race was the primary determinant of national greatness, they sought to improve their racial stock through eugenic measures. Toward this end, the Nazis were aided by prominent racial scientists who were concerned that the population of Germany was being overwhelmed by racial inferiors, which included not only Jews and Gypsies but also the weak, the poor, the insane, the handicapped, and the asocials. Many of Germany’s most prominent racial hygienists, including biologists and geneticists, gravitated to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Genetics, and Eugenics, which was headed by Eugen Fischer, who professed a dogmatic belief in the importance of racially perfecting the German people.During the 1920s and 1930s, the eugenics movement was popular on both sides of the Atlantic, and during the Weimar decade, there was a body of shared information between American and German eugenicists. In fact, the Rockefeller Foundation was a prime source for the funding of genetic research both in the United States and in the Weimar Republic. The Rockefeller Foundation continued to support German eugenicists even after the Nazis had gained control over German science. There is evidence to suggest that American eugenicists, in fact, influenced the most important figures of the Nazi regime, including Adolf Hitler. In 1934, Hitler wrote to Leon Whitney of the American Eugenics Society for a copy of his book, The Case for Sterilization, and shortly thereafter the author received a personal letter of thanks from the Fuhrer. The correspondence between Whitney and Hitler is indicative of the close ties between American and Nazi racial scientists.Throughout the 1930s, eugenicists in the United States were the strongest foreign supporters of Nazi racial policy. It was not, therefore, a flippant remark when Rudolph Hess defined National Socialism as “applied racial science.”See also Euthanasia Program.
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. 2014.
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Eugenics — is the self direction of human evolution : Logo from the Second International Eugenics Conference, 1921, depicting Eugenics as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. Eugenics is the applied science or the bio social movement which… … Wikipedia
Eugenics — • Eugenics literally means good breeding . It is defined as the study of agencies under social control that may improve or impair the racial qualities of future generations either physically or mentally Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… … Catholic encyclopedia
eugenics — 1883, coined (along with adj. eugenic) by English scientist Francis Galton (1822 1911) on analogy of ethics, physics, etc. from Gk. eugenes well born, of good stock, of noble race, from eu good (see EU (Cf. eu )) + genos birth (see GENUS (Cf.… … Etymology dictionary
Eugenics — Eu*gen ics, n. The science of improving stock, whether human or animal. F. Galton. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
eugenics — eugenics. См. евгеника. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
eugenics — ► PLURAL NOUN ▪ the science of using controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics in a population. DERIVATIVES eugenic adjective eugenicist noun & adjective. ORIGIN from Greek eu well + gen s born … English terms dictionary
eugenics — [yo͞o jen′iks] n. [< Gr eugenēs (see EUGENE1) + ICS] the movement devoted to improving the human species through the control of hereditary factors in mating … English World dictionary
eugenics — /yooh jen iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of or belief in the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human population, esp. by such means as discouraging reproduction by persons having genetic defects or… … Universalium
Eugenics — Literally, meaning normal genes, eugenics aims to improve the genetic constitution of the human species by selective breeding. The use of Albert Einstein s sperm to conceive a child (by artificial insemination) would represent an attempt at… … Medical dictionary
eugenics — From the Greek eu (well) and gens (to produce), eugenics refers to the manipulation of the processes of evolutionary selection, in order to improve a particular genetic stock or population. This may be achieved either through ‘negative’ eugenics… … Dictionary of sociology