Fry, Varian
(1907–1967)
   Varian Fry, a New York writer and humanitarian, was employed by the American-based Emergency Rescue Committee for the purpose of smuggling selected refugees, mostly intellectuals, out of World War II France. Based in the Hotel Splendide in Marseilles, Fry established a team of relief workers who boldly proceeded to find refuge for Jews and political refugees. Despite obstacles from the American State Department as well as Vichy bureaucrats, Fry was able to get some 1,800 people to safety. Although the Emergency Rescue Committee had provided Fry with a precise list of noted intellectuals who were to be smuggled out of France, Fry expanded his work to include as many refugees as possible. The list of those saved by Fry included British soldiers and pilots as well as some of Europe’s leading intellectuals: Hannah Arendt, Andre Breton, Marc Chagall, Max Ernst, Wanda Landowska, Jacques Lipchitz, Hans Sahl, and many others. In September 1941, the Vichy government, suspicious of Fry’s activities, forced him to leave the country. Varian Fry is the only American honored as a “Righteous Gentile” at Yad Vashem.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

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  • FRY, VARIAN° — (1907–1967), U.S. journalist and Righteous Among the Nations. On hearing of the fall of France to the Germans, in June 1940, a group of intellectuals, headed by Frank Kingdon, met at the Commodore Hotel in New York and decided to create an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Fry (surname) — Fry is the surname of several people:*Abi Fry *Adam Fry (born 1985), British footballer *Adrian Fry (born 1969), British musician *Arthur Fry *Barry Fry *Bertha Fry *Birkett D. Fry *C. B. Fry (1872 1956), British sportsman, politician, writer,… …   Wikipedia

  • Varian Fry — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fry. Varian Mackey Fry, né le 15 octobre 1907 à New York et mort le 13 septembre 1967, était un journaliste américain qui depuis Marseille, a sauvé entre 2 000 et 4 000 Juifs et militants antinazis en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Varian's War — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Varian’s War – Ein vergessener Held Originaltitel: Varian’s War Produktionsland: USA, Großbritannien, Kanada Erscheinungsjahr: 2001 Länge: 117 Minuten Originalspra …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Varian's War – Ein vergessener Held — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Varian’s War – Ein vergessener Held Originaltitel: Varian’s War Produktionsland: USA, Großbritannien, Kanada Erscheinungsjahr: 2001 Länge: 117 Minuten Originalspra …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Varian’s War – Ein vergessener Held — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Varian’s War – Ein vergessener Held Originaltitel: Varian’s War Produktionsland: USA, Großbritannien, Kanada Erscheinungsjahr: 2001 Länge: 117 Minuten Originalspra …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Varian Fry — Varian Mackey Fry (* 15. Oktober 1907 in New York; † 13. September 1967 in Redding, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Journalist und Freiheitskämpfer im Zweiten Weltkrieg in Frankreich. Er führte in Marseille ein Rettungsnetzwerk, welches es …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Varian Fry — Varian Mackey Fry (October 15, 1907 ndash; September 13, 1967) was a Taft School and Harvard University educated American journalist who ran a rescue network in Vichy France that helped approximately 2,000 to 4,000 anti Nazi and Jewish refugees… …   Wikipedia

  • Varian Fry — Varian Mackey Fry (* 15 de octubre de 1907 13 de septiembre de 1967) fue un periodista estadounidense educado en la Universidad de Harvard que dirigió una red de rescate desde la Francia de Vichy posibilitando el escape de entre 2,000 a 4,000… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fry — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Fry (* 1931), US amerikanischer Chemiker Christopher Fry (1907–2005), britischer Schriftsteller und Dramatiker Elizabeth Fry (1780–1845), britische Menschenrechtlerin Franklin Clark Fry (1900 1968) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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