German-Austrian Jewish Population


German-Austrian Jewish Population
   When Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in January 1933, the Jewish population was approximately 1 percent or about 564,000 in a nation of 60 million. By 1940, the Jewish population, as a result of emigration, was about 240,000. The Nazis murdered approximately 130,000 German Jews. At the end of the war about 22,000 German Jews remained alive; about 5,000 survived in hiding, approximately 5,000 survived the camps, and the remaining 12,000 survived because they were married to non-Jews. Because Nazi policy with regard to Gentile–Jewish marriages was unclear, the survival rate for these Jews was relatively high.
   At the time of the Anschluss in 1938, there were approximately 6,725,000 people in Austria, with Jews numbering about 220,000. Because of Nazi persecutions that followed Germany’s annexation of Austria, approximately 126,000 Jews emigrated to Great Britain, Palestine, Shanghai, and North and South America. Some 15,000 Austrian Jews who sought refuge in other European countries that were soon conquered by the Germans were eventually arrested and deported to the extermination camps. Following Kristallnacht, the number of Jews in Austria was reduced to 60,000. All the remaining Austrian Jews were eventually killed by the Nazis in the Holocaust.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

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