Ghetto


Ghetto
   The first ghetto was established in Venice in 1516 near an iron foundry (Geto). The Jews were forced to live in the area segregated from the rest of the population. Subsequently, the use of ghettos spread to other Italian cities, then made its appearance in southern France, Germany, Bohemia and Moravia, and some Polish cities. Over time, the word “ghetto” became a general European term to describe the segregated and enclosed quarters of the Jews. The last ghetto to exist in Europe, prior to its reestablishment by Nazi Germany, was the one in Rome, which was terminated in 1870. The ghettos were reintroduced in the towns and cities of Eastern Europe following the German occupation of the area. Unlike the earlier ghettos, which were used to segregate the Jews from the non-Jewish population, the Germans used the ghettos as a transitional phase in the process that led to the Final Solution of the Jewish question.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GHETTO — D’origine italienne incertaine – l’on peut y voir une corruption de giudeica (latin: judaicam ) ou de gietto (fonderie de canons de Venise, site du quartier juif) –, le terme «ghetto» désigne un groupement topographique, ethnique, économique,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • GHETTO — GHETTO, urban section serving as compulsory residential quarter for Jews. Generally surrounded by a wall shutting it off from the rest of the city, except for one or more gates, the ghetto remained bolted at night. The origin of this term has… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ghetto — (n.) 1610s, part of a city to which Jews were restricted, especially in Italy, from It. ghetto part of a city to which Jews are restricted, various theories of its origin include: Yiddish get deed of separation; special use of Venetian getto… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ghetto — Ghet to, n. [It.] A quarter of a city where Jews live in greatest numbers. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] I went to the Ghetto, where the Jews dwell. Evelyn. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. By extension: Any section of a town inhabited predominantly by members… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ghetto — (del italiano; pronunciamos gueto ) sustantivo masculino 1. Gueto. gueto o ghetto sustantivo masculino 1. Barrio de una ciudad donde vivían o eran obligados a vivir los judíos: el gueto de Varsovia …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • ghetto — ► NOUN (pl. ghettos or ghettoes) 1) a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group. 2) historical the Jewish quarter in a city. DERIVATIVES ghettoize (also ghettoise) verb. ORIGIN perhaps from Italia …   English terms dictionary

  • Ghetto — (ital), in den großen italienischen u. orientalischen Städten das Gassenquartier, worin früher die Juden Abends eingeschlossen wurden …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ghetto — Ghetto, s. Getto …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ghetto — (ital.), s. Judenviertel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ghetto — Ghetto, ital., das ehemals Nachts geschlossene Judenquartier in den ital. Städten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ghetto — / get:o/ s.m. [dal venez. ghèto, indicante dapprima un getto , cioè una fonderia, divenuto in seguito il nome del quartiere assegnato (nel 1516) agli Ebrei come dimora coatta]. 1. [quartiere abitato in maggioranza da Ebrei] ▶◀ (ant.) giudecca. 2 …   Enciclopedia Italiana


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