Goering, Hermann


Goering, Hermann
(1893–1946)
   The decorated World War I fighter pilot became involved with the Nazi Party in its formative years. A veteran of the failed Munich beer hall putsch in 1923, when Adolf Hitler attempted to overthrow the government of Bavaria, Goering went on to become the second-most powerful political figure in the Third Reich. Goering was instrumental, along with Heinrich Himmler, in the organization of the first concentration camps in 1933. In 1934, he played a major role in the purge of the Sturmabteilung (SA), and shortly thereafter, Hitler appointed him commander-in-chief of the German air force. In January 1935, he was promoted to the position of Reichsmarschall, and in 1936 he was appointed head of Germany’s Four-Year Plan, which gave him almost dictatorial control over the entire economy. In 1937, as head of the German economy, he established the Hermann Goering Works, which employed about 700,000 workers.
   Following the pogrom of 9–10 November 1938, which Goering derisively referred to as Kristallnacht (crystal night), Goering fined the Jewish community a billion reichsmarks and ordered the elimination of the Jews from the German economy. In September 1939, Hitler appointed him as his successor, as well as placing him in charge of the Jewish question. Not as fanatical as Hitler, Goering nevertheless was an anti-Semite who, after the invasion of Poland, was responsible for the expulsion of the Jews from the western part of Poland. During the same year, he set up the Main Trusteeship Office East, which administered confiscated Jewish property. In May 1941, Goering banned the emigration of Jews from all German-occupied territories, and in July 1941 he authorized the implementation of the Final Solution. Following the war, he was one of the 22 major Nazi war criminals who were tried in Nuremberg in 1945–1946. Goering committed suicide rather than allow himself to be executed by the Allies.
   See also Nuremberg Trials.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GOERING, HERMANN WILHELM° — (1893–1946), Nazi leader. A fighter pilot during World War I, Goering was awarded the highest military decoration ( Pour le Mérite ). In 1922 he joined the Nazi Party, becoming the first leader of its storm troops (SA). He was at Hitler s side… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Goering,Hermann Wilhelm — Goe·ring (gĕrʹĭng, gûrʹ , gœʹrĭng), Hermann Wilhelm. See Göring, Hermann Wilhelm. * * * …   Universalium

  • Goering, Hermann Wilhelm — ► (1893 1946) Militar y político nacionalsocialista alemán. Fue uno de los dirigentes del Partido Nazi y célebre organizador de la policía estatal, la aviación y la economía …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Goering — Goering, Hermann Wilhelm …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hermann Göring — This article is about the Nazi officer. For other people with the same surname, see Göring (disambiguation). The title of this article contains the character ö. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Goering.… …   Wikipedia

  • Goering — noun German politician in Nazi Germany who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war (1893 1946) • Syn: ↑Goring, ↑Hermann Goring, ↑Hermann Goering, ↑Hermann Wilhelm Goring • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Nazi, ↑German Nazi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hermann Goering — noun German politician in Nazi Germany who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war (1893 1946) • Syn: ↑Goring, ↑Goering, ↑Hermann Goring, ↑Hermann Wilhelm Goring • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Nazi, ↑German Nazi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hermann Goring — noun German politician in Nazi Germany who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war (1893 1946) • Syn: ↑Goring, ↑Goering, ↑Hermann Goering, ↑Hermann Wilhelm Goring • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Nazi, ↑German Nazi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hermann Wilhelm Goring — noun German politician in Nazi Germany who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war (1893 1946) • Syn: ↑Goring, ↑Goering, ↑Hermann Goring, ↑Hermann Goering • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Nazi, ↑German Nazi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Goering — Hermann Göring Hermann Göring Hermann Göring en 1945 Naissance 12 janvier  …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.