Great Britain


Great Britain
   The response of Great Britain to the German Jewish refugee crisis was a mixed one. Initially, it admitted few refugees from Germany, limiting the number to approximately 2,000 to 3,000, most of whom were professionals such as scientists and academics. In the aftermath of Kristallnacht, however, Great Britain became one of the few islands of sanctuary for Jews, but with the proviso that they would not seek employment or public assistance in the United Kingdom. Somewhere between 50,000 and 80,000 Jewish refugees were given shelter there. Because of fears of alienating the Arab world should war occur, Great Britain, beginning in 1937, restricted immigration into Palestine, a policy that reached its climax with the White Paper of 1939, which limited Jewish immigration into Palestine to 75,000 people over a five-year period. With the outbreak of war in September 1939, all immigration into Great Britain and the British Empire ceased. Young adult Jewish immigrants were interned and sent to British overseas territories together with German nationals. During the war, along with its ally the United States, Great Britain adopted the policy of “unconditional surrender,” which eschewed any negotiations with Nazi Germany and prohibited bartering with German officials in exchange for Jewish lives. British policymakers also refused to revise the strategy, which held that the best way to save the Jews of Europe was to win the war. This strategy precluded the possibility of special air force missions that would have resulted in the bombing of Auschwitz or the railroad tracks leading to the death camp.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Great Britain — p1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Great Britain — Britain, Great Britain, the British Isles, England, etc. 1. Use of these terms causes confusion. Great Britain refers to the largest island in the group, which is divided between England, Scotland, and Wales. Politically, it means these three… …   Modern English usage

  • Great Britain — comprises England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are NOT part of Great Britain. Related links British Isles discrimination United Kingdom …   Law dictionary

  • Great Britain — 1. principal island of the United Kingdom, including England, Scotland, & Wales, & administratively including adjacent islands except the Isle of Man & the Channel Islands 2. the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland …   English World dictionary

  • Great Britain — (spr. grēt britten), Großbritannien …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Great Britain —   [ greɪt brɪtn], englisch für Großbritannien …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Great Britain — noun uncount the island that consists of England, Scotland, and Wales …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Great Britain — c.1400, Grete Britaigne. As opposed to Brittany …   Etymology dictionary

  • Great Britain — This article is about the island. For the modern state, see United Kingdom. For the state that existed from 1707 to 1801, see Kingdom of Great Britain. For the ship, see SS Great Britain. For other uses, see Great Britain (disambiguation). Great… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Britain —    Along with Germany, France, and Spain, Great Britain was one of the leading Western European nations at the end of the 19th century and a major imperial power. However, although victorious in 1918, following the devastating effects of World… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Great Britain — noun 1. a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; Great Britain is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑United Kingdom,… …   Useful english dictionary


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