Papon, Maurice


Papon, Maurice
(1911–2007)
   Papon served as secretary general of the Gironde Prefecture in Bordeaux, France, between May 1942 and August 1944. During this time, he signed orders to the French police to round up thousands of foreign-born Jews, who were sent to French concentration camps at Drancy in preparation for deportation to Auschwitz. But it was not until over a half a century later that he was tried by the French government, in October 1997, for these acts. In April 1998, Papon was found guilty by the French court of complicity in Nazi crimes against humanity. Papon, however, was absolved by the court of knowingly furthering Nazi plans for the extermination of the Jews.
   Because Papon after the war went on to become an official in the government of Charles de Gaulle, his conviction forced the French to reevaluate their role during the German occupation and the collaborationist Vichy government. Papon’s conviction raises questions as to whether there was a clean break between Vichy and the postwar French governments, and about the belief that the Gestapo and not the French police was responsible for the roundup of the Jews for deportation to the death camps.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Papon, Maurice-Arthur-Jean — ▪ 2008       French bureaucrat born Sept. 3, 1910 , Gretz Armainvilliers, France died Feb. 17, 2007, Paris, France as a high ranking local official (1942–44) in Gironde under France s pro Nazi Vichy government, authorized the arrest and… …   Universalium

  • Maurice Papon — Maurice Papon, seated (left). Seated middle is Gaston Cusin, Vichy s former Bordeaux prefect (centre) in April 1945. Born September 3, 1910 …   Wikipedia

  • Papon — Maurice Papon (* 3. September 1910 in Gretz Armainvilliers, Seine et Marne; † 17. Februar 2007 in Pontault Combault, Seine et Marne) war ein französischer Politiker, Nazi Kollaborateur und Kriegsverbrecher. Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs war er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice Papon — (Gretz Arminvilliers, 3 de septiembre de 1910 Pontault Combault, 17 de febrero de 2007) fue un político y alto funcionario francés, que ocupó diversos cargos en la administración entre 1931 y 1981, entre ellos el de secretario general de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maurice Papon — Maurice Papon, 1945 Maurice Papon (* 3. September 1910 in Gretz Armainvilliers, Seine et Marne; † 17. Februar 2007 in Pontault Combault, Seine et Marne) war ein französischer Politiker, Nazi Kollaborateur und Kriegsverbrecher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papon — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jehan Papon (1505 1590), écrivain. Maurice Papon (1910 2007), homme politique et criminel de guerre. Jean Pierre Papon (1734 1803), abbé,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice (Vorname) — Maurice ist ein männlicher Vorname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice (prenom) — Maurice (prénom) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Maurice. Sommaire 1 Sens et origine du nom 2 Variantes 3 Po …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Druon — en 2003. Nom de naissance Maurice Samuel Roger Charles Druon[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury — Prime Minister of France In office 13 June 1957 – 6 November 1957 Preceded by Guy Mollet Succeeded by Félix Gaillard …   Wikipedia


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