Auschwitz
(Polish, Oswiecim)
   The largest of the death camps, located in Upper Silesia. Auschwitz consisted of three camps: Auschwitz I, the main Auschwitz camp; Auschwitz II, Birkenau, the extermination camp; and Auschwitz III, Buna works, the forced labor camp where I. G. Farben produced synthetic rubber for the German war effort. The ideology that made Auschwitz-Birkenau synonymous with the gassing of between 1.1 and 1.5 million Jews was at cross-purposes with the requirements of forced labor that prevailed at the Buna-Monowitz camp. Heinrich Himmler came to terms with the contradiction of utilizing Jews as forced labor and, at the same time, implementing the Final Solution.
   Himmler adopted a strategy of working to death those Jews who were fit for labor and immediately gassing the others. The decision to use slave labor at the Buna camp was made reluctantly, but he viewed this as a temporary situation that was to be aborted at the first opportunity. The strategy, therefore, was to murder all the Jews arriving in Auschwitz in the long run, regardless of their value to German industry, but in the short run, to encourage them to work as a means of survival. This illusion was cynically reinforced in the sign that stood above the gate that “greeted” the newly arrived victims: Arbeit Macht Frei (Work liberates). Because of the large number of Jews and others who were exterminated at Auschwitz, the death camp has become synonymous with the Holocaust and has come to symbolize the genocidal policies of Nazi Germany.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AUSCHWITZ — (Oświęcim), Nazi Germany s largest concentration and extermination camp. The word Auschwitz has become a metaphor for the Holocaust in general, and the phrase after Auschwitz has come to signify the great historical rupture wrought by the murder… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Auschwitz — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Auschwitz (desambiguación). Auschwitz Birkenau. Campo de concentración y exterminio nazi (1940 1945)1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Auschwitz — steht für: Oświęcim, polnische Stadt in der Woiwodschaft Kleinpolen (deutscher Name) KZ Auschwitz, einen Komplex aus mehreren deutschen Konzentrationslagern KZ Auschwitz I (Stammlager) KZ Auschwitz Birkenau KZ Auschwitz III Monowitz Staatliches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AUSCHWITZ — Le plus tristement célèbre des camps d’extermination organisés par l’Allemagne nazie. Installé dans une zone marécageuse, en haute Silésie, non loin de la petite ville polonaise d’Osjewice, Auschwitz est officiellement ouvert le 14 juin 1940 sur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Auschwitz — (Oswiecim en polaco) es el nombre de un grupo de campos de concentración en Polonia a unos 60 km de Cracovia. A partir de 1940 la Alemania nazi construyó varios campos de concentración y un campo de exterminio en dicha área. Hubo tres campos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Auschwitz — Auschwitz, Stadt, so v.w. Oswieczim …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Auschwitz — (poln. Oświęcim), Stadt in Galizien, Bezirksh. Biala, am Einfluß der Sola in die Weichsel und Knotenpunkt an der Nordbahnlinie Wien Krakau, Sitz eines Bezirksgerichts und eines Hauptzollamtes, hat ein altes Schloß, Zinkwalzwerk, eine Dampfmühle,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Auschwitz — (poln. Ošwięcim), Stadt in Galizien, an der Sola (zur Weichsel), (1900) 6841 E., Hauptstadt des ehemal. schles. Hzgt. A. und Zator (2478 qkm, 200.000 E.), das 1457 und 1494 an Polen, 1773 an Österreich kam, seit 1818 zum Deutschen Bunde gehörte …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Auschwitz — (izg. àušvic) m DEFINICIJA pov. njemačko ime grada Oswięcim u JZ Poljskoj gdje je (1941 1944) bio najveći nacistički koncentracioni logor smrti …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Auschwitz — [oush′vits΄] city in S Poland: pop. 45,000: in WWII, site of a Nazi concentration camp notorious as an extermination center: Pol. name OŚWIECIM …   English World dictionary

  • Auschwitz — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Auschwitz (homonymie). Auschwitz Birkenau Camp nazi de concentration et d extermination (1940 1945) * …   Wikipédia en Français

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