Schindler, Oskar


Schindler, Oskar
(1908–1974)
   Although not a diplomat, Oskar Schindler contributed to the rescue of Jews at great personal risk. The subject of Steven Spielberg’s epic film, Schindler’s List, he was one of several German businessmen, including Julius Madritsch and Raimund Titsch, who aided Jews interned in the Plaszow labor camp by providing them with ample food rations and protection from the brutal whims of Amon Goeth, the camp commandant.
   Because of his connections with German officials, Schindler was able to acquire two firms that had previously been owned by Jews. The firms, which produced enamel kitchenware products, came under the jurisdiction of the German occupation administration in Krakow. Schindler employed mainly Jewish workers in his factories, thereby protecting them from deportation to Auschwitz. When the Krakow ghetto was liquidated in early 1943, many of its Jews were sent to the Plaszow labor camp, administered by Goeth. Schindler was able to arrange with Goeth for the transfer of about 900 Jewish workers from the camp to his factory. Some of the workers in Schindler’s factory were totally unfit for the tasks assigned to them; had this been discovered by the Germans, they would have been worked to death at the labor camp or deported to Auschwitz.
   For reasons that remain unclear, Schindler was determined to protect “his Jews.” When the Soviets approached Krakow in 1944, the Germans allowed him to reorganize his firm as an armaments production company in Brunulitz, located in the Sudetenland, and he was permitted to take his workers with him. Because the company produced shells for rocket casings, the Germans considered Schindler’s firm vital to the war effort. Schindler, therefore, was given permission to transfer about 1,100 Jewish men from the Gross Rosen camp and 300 Jewish women from Auschwitz. In Brunulitz, the 1,100 Jews were provided with food and medical care, and allowed to practice their religion. Schindler also rescued 100 Jews from the Goleszow camp, who were left stranded and nearly frozen to death in a railway car, and brought them to the Brunulitz factory, where he nourished them back to health. After the war, Schindler was impoverished and lived on the sufferance of the “Schindler-Juden (Jews),” as those he saved came to be known. In 1962, he was honored by Yad Vashem when a tree bearing his name was planted in the Garden of the Righteous.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SCHINDLER, OSKAR° — (1908–1974), one of Israel s righteous Among the Nations, made famous by Thomas Keneally s novel and steven spielberg s 1993 film Schindler s List. He was a Nazi and a war profiteer and yet essential to saving the lives of more than 1,000 Jews.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schindler, Oskar — (1902–75)    German industrialist. During World War II he saved many hundreds of Jews from the death camps by employing them in his factory at Krakow. He was recognized as a ‘righteous gentile’ by the State of Israel and his work was commemorated …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Oskar Schindler — Born 28 April 1908 Zwittau, Moravia, Austria Hungary (present day Svitavy, Czech Republic) Died 9 October 1974(1974 10 09) (aged 66) …   Wikipedia

  • Oskar Schindler — (* 28. April 1908 in Zwittau, Mähren, Österreich Ungarn; † 9. Oktober 1974 in Hildesheim, Deutschland) war ein deutscher Unternehmer, der während des Zweiten Weltkrieges etwa 1200 bei ihm angestellte jüdische Zwangsarbeiter vor der Ermordung in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oskar Schindler — Emilie y Oskar Schindler en 1946 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Schindler — puede referirse a: Anton Felix Schindler (1795 1864). Rudolf Michael Schindler (1887 1953). Alma Marie Schindler (Alma Mahler) (1879 1964). Emilie Schindler (1907 2001), esposa de Oskar Schindler. Oskar Schindler (1908 1974). El arca de Schindler …   Wikipedia Español

  • Schindler's Ark — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Schindlers Liste Originaltitel: Schindler’s List Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1993 Länge: 194 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schindler's List — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Schindlers Liste Originaltitel: Schindler’s List Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1993 Länge: 194 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schindler’s Ark — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Schindlers Liste Originaltitel: Schindler’s List Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1993 Länge: 194 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schindler’s List — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Schindlers Liste Originaltitel: Schindler’s List Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1993 Länge: 194 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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