Schutzstaffel


Schutzstaffel
(SS)
(Protective Squads)
   The organization was founded in 1923 to serve as Adolf Hitler’s personal bodyguard. The SS replaced the Sturmabteilungen (SA), following its purge in 1934, as the instrument of terror in the Third Reich. Under the leadership of Heinrich Himmler, who was appointed Reich leader of the SS in 1929, the organization broadened its responsibilities to include the operation of the concentration camps, as well as responsibility for implementing the Final Solution through the organization of the Einsatzgruppen units and the supervision of the death camps. Additional responsibilities of the SS included the organization of the Wirtschafts und Verwaltungshauptamt (WVHA) (Economy and Administration Main Office), which provided forced labor in the camps for German corporations such as I. G. Farben and Krupp. The war also witnessed the organization of the WaffenSS units, which served as Hitler’s personal multinational brigade. By 1945, the Waffen-SS numbered some 800,000 men who fought alongside the Wehrmacht (German army) in the war, but under the army’s operational control.
   Racial pedigree and ideology were institutionalized in the SS. Aryan racial characteristics were primary criteria for admission to the elite organization. Membership in the SS required that recruits and their wives prove that their “racial purity” extended back as far as the year 1700.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schutzstaffel — internal security force of Nazi Germany, 1930, German, lit. defense squadron. Better known by its initials, S.S …   Etymology dictionary

  • Schutzstaffel — SS redirects here. For other uses, see SS (disambiguation). SS Schutzstaffel SS insignia …   Wikipedia

  • Schutzstaffel — Emblem der SS Die Schutzstaffel der NSDAP (Abkürzung SS) wurde in der Weimarer Republik am 4. April 1925 als Sonderorganisation der NSDAP zunächst zum persönlichen Schutz Adolf Hitlers gegründet. Sie unterstand seit dem Reichsparteitag 1926 der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schutzstaffel — 52° 30′ 26″ N 13° 22′ 57″ E / 52.50722222, 13.3825 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schutzstaffel — «SS» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase SS (desambiguación). Schutzstaffel Insignia de las SS, formada por una doble S rúnica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Schutzstaffel — Национал социализм Основные понятия  Диктатура  Вождизм  Правая идеология …   Википедия

  • Schutzstaffel — Schụtz|staf|fel, die (nationalsoz.): nationalsozialistische Organisation, die wichtigste Trägerin des Terrors u. der Vernichtungspolitik des nationalsozialistischen Staates war (Abk.: SS). * * * Schutzstaffel,   Gliederung der NSDAP, SS …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schutzstaffel — /shoots shtah feuhl/, n. German. an elite military unit of the Nazi party that served as Hitler s bodyguard and as a special police force. Abbr.: SS [lit., defense echelon] * * * …   Universalium

  • Schutzstaffel — noun /ˈʃʊtsʃtafəl/ a) The internal security force of Nazi Germany; the SS. b) A division or corps of this force …   Wiktionary

  • Schutzstaffel* — Schutz•staf•fel [[t]ˈʃʊtsˌʃtɑ fəl[/t]] n. gov germ. an elite military unit of the Nazi Party that served as Hitler s bodyguard and as a special police force Abbr.: SS • Etymology: lit., defense echelon …   From formal English to slang


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