Serbia


Serbia
   The number of Jews living in Serbia at the start of World War II was approximately 12,000 with 8,000 residing in Belgrade. Following the German occupation of Yugoslavia in April 1941, Serbia was placed under a military administration. Between the end of April and mid-June 1941, the Germans issued numerous directives in regard to the Jews. For example, Jews were required to register and wear the yellow Star of David badge. In early May, Jews were forced into labor brigades, and by the end of the month, they were removed from the country’s economic life. The Aryanization of Jewish property began in July. The economic measures against the Jews were accompanied by violence on the part of the German troops. In August 1941, the Germans set up three internment camps for male Jews. Since the death camps were not as yet operational, the Germans resorted to shooting Jews on a daily basis. By mid-November 1941, 5,000 male Jews had been murdered by German troops. In December, Jewish women and children were interned and shot by the Germans. By mid-1942, Serbia was Judenfrei (free of Jews). In all, Jewish losses in Serbia are estimated at 30,000.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

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  • Serbia — [sʉr′bē ə] the major constituent republic of Serbia and Montenegro; formerly a kingdom: 34,116 sq mi (88,361 sq km); pop. 9,779,000; cap. Belgrade …   English World dictionary

  • SERBIA — quae et Servia, plurib. urbs Macedoniae Episcopalis Berrhoeae finitima. Zonar. l. 3. Annal …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Serbia — Република Србија Republika Srbija República de Serbia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Serbia — /serr bee euh/, n. a former kingdom in S Europe: now, with revised boundaries, a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, in the N part; includes the autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. 9,660,000; 34,116 sq. mi. (88,360 sq. km). Cap.:… …   Universalium

  • Serbia — Infobox Country native name = Република Србија Republika Srbija conventional long name = Republic of Serbia common name = Serbia| p1 = Yugoslavia flag p1 = Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.png s1 = flag s1 =| demonym = Serbian map caption = map… …   Wikipedia

  • Serbia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Serbia <p></p> Background: <p></p> The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Various paramilitary… …   The World Factbook

  • Serbia — Serbie  Ne pas confondre avec la République serbe de Bosnie Република Сpбија (sr) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Serbia —    Estimated population (including Voivodina and Kosovo but excluding Montenegro): 600,000. It is likely that the first Gypsies to reach Serbia were shoemakers who lived in Prizren some time around 1348. Under the Ottoman Empire (from 1459), the… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • Serbia — La República de Serbia es una república al sudeste de Europa, unida a Montenegro, confederación que recibe el nombre de Serbia y Montenegro. Limita : al N con 151 km con Hungría , al E con 476 km con Rumanía , al SE con 318 km con Bulgaria , al S …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Serbia —    A rebellious Ottoman possession in the Balkans and fully independent after 1878. The defeat of the medieval kingdom of Serbia by the Ottoman Turks on Kosovo Polje in 1386 was the prelude of centuries of foreign rule. After the midsixteenth… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914


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