Sterilization


Sterilization
   The road that led the Nazis to the Euthanasia Program and then to the death camps began with the passage of the Law to Prevent Hereditarily Sick Offspring (the “Sterilization Law”) in 1933. The law allowed for medical practitioners to sterilize an entire group of people with hereditary diseases. Carriers of the following hereditary “defects” were subject to sterilization: hereditary feeble-mindedness, schizophrenia, manic depression, epilepsy, Huntington’s chorea, deafness, physical malformations, and chronic alcoholism. The law also contained a provision that allowed physicians to castrate homosexuals. The Nazis established a bureaucracy that included racial hygiene courts that decided one’s hereditary status. The 1933 law also created institutes and clinics for hereditary and racial care. Provisions in the law allowed for the maintenance of files on criminals and the study of hereditary diseases among the nonAryan races. Between 1933 and 1945, approximately 1 percent of the German population was sterilized. The support and participation of the medical profession in the implementation of the 1933 law was based on their belief that sterilization was a necessary moral action in order to preserve the nation’s racial purity.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sterilization — can refer to:* Sterilization (surgical procedure), an operation which renders an animal or human unable to procreate ** Compulsory sterilization, where the government forces particular members of society to undergo the procedure * Sterilization… …   Wikipedia

  • sterilization — A medical procedure where the reproductive organs are removed or rendered ineffective. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. sterilization A medical procedure where the reproductive …   Law dictionary

  • Sterilization — Ster il*i*za tion, n. (Biol.) The act or process of sterilizing, or rendering sterile; also, the state of being sterile. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sterilization — sterilization. См. стерилизация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • sterilization — 1874, noun of action from STERILIZE (Cf. sterilize) …   Etymology dictionary

  • sterilization — /ster euh leuh zay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of sterilizing. 2. the condition of being sterilized. 3. the destruction of all living microorganisms, as pathogenic or saprophytic bacteria, vegetative forms, and spores. [1870 75; STERILE + IZATION] * * …   Universalium

  • sterilization — noun a) The process of treating something to kill microorganisms. Heat sterilization is used during canning so the food can be safely stored for long periods. b) A procedure to permanently prevent an organism from reproducing. Spaying a cat is a… …   Wiktionary

  • Sterilization — A form of monetary action in which a central bank or federal reserve attempts to insulate itself from the foreign exchange market to counteract the effects of a changing monetary base. The sterilization process is used to manipulate the value of… …   Investment dictionary

  • sterilization — noun Sterilization is used before these nouns: ↑procedure …   Collocations dictionary

  • sterilization —    This term (from the Latin sterilis, meaning barren or unproductive ) refers to a medical treatment or operation that makes a person unable to reproduce or procreate; direct sterilization is morally impermissible. (See CCC 2399) …   Glossary of theological terms


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