Sturmabteilung


Sturmabteilung
(SA)
   Sometimes referred to as the “Brown Shirts,” the paramilitary organization was founded in 1923 and served as the militia for the Nazi Party. The plebeian street fighters were also the “storm troopers” of the early Nazi movement. The SA’s virulent anti-Semitism often resulted in violence against Jews as well as against its political opponents. Its reputation for brawling gave the SA an image of an undisciplined and dangerous element within the Nazi movement. Under the leadership of Ernst Rohm (1887–1934), the SA enlisted close to 3,000,000 members by 1934 and was viewed by the Reichswehr (German army) as a potential threat to its military leadership. Possibly fearing that Rohm might attempt to replace him as the leader of the Nazi movement, and at the same time determined to placate the Reichswehr high command, Adolf Hitler ordered a purge against the SA in 1934 that resulted in the murder of Rohm and many of his top officers. The Nazis took advantage of the bloodletting and shot many of their political enemies in a massacre that historians refer to as the “Night of the Long Knives.” The SA never recovered from the purge and faded from importance in the Nazi movement.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sturmabteilung — Localización …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sturmabteilung — 1923, from Ger., lit. storm detachment; paramilitary force of the Nazi Party, founded 1921, repressed 1934, also know by its initials, S.A., and as the Brown shirts (see BROWN (Cf. brown)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sturmabteilung — SA Sturmabteilung The insignia of the SA Organization overview Formed 1920 Superseding agency …   Wikipedia

  • Sturmabteilung — Emblem der SA Die Sturmabteilung (SA) war die paramilitärische Kampforganisation der NSDAP während der Weimarer Republik und spielte als Ordnertruppe eine entscheidende Rolle beim Aufstieg der Nationalsozialisten, indem sie deren Versammlungen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturmabteilung — 48° 08′ 38″ N 11° 34′ 07″ E / 48.14375833, 11.56854444 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sturmabteilung — Национал социализм Основные понятия  Диктатура  Вождизм  Правая идеология …   Википедия

  • Sturmabteilung — La Sturmabteilung (SA, que se puede traducir del alemán como División de Asalto) funcionó como organización paramilitar del partido nazi alemán. Desempeñó un papel clave en el ascenso al poder de Adolf Hitler en los años 1930. Los miembros de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sturmabteilung — /shtoorddm ahp tuy loong/, n. a political militia of the Nazi party, organized about 1923 and notorious for its violence and terrorism up to 1934, when it was purged and reorganized as an instrument of physical training and political… …   Universalium

  • Sturmabteilung — noun /ˈʃtʊrmaptaɪlʊŋ/ A paramilitary division under the German Nazi Party, operating from 1921 until being disbanded in 1934. Abbreviated to SA …   Wiktionary

  • Sturmabteilung —    See SA …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Sturmabteilung — Stụrm|ab|tei|lung, die (nationalsoz.): uniformierte u. bewaffnete Kampftruppe als Gliederung der NSDAP (Abk.: SA). * * * Sturm|abteilung,   Gliederung der NSDAP, SA. * * * Stụrm|ab|tei|lung, die (nationalsoz.): uniformierte u. bewaffnete… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.