Trawniki Labor Camp


Trawniki Labor Camp
   The Schutzstaffel (SS) established the camp, located southeast of Lublin, Poland, in the fall of 1941 to hold Soviet prisoners and Polish Jews. The Trawniki camp was part of a network of camps under the supervision of Odilo Globocnik. In the spring of 1942, Jews from the Greater Reich were brought to the camp, where many of them were brutalized; others were sent to the Belzec death camp or were shot in the forest near the camp. Following the liquidation of the Warsaw ghetto in 1943, the Fritz Schulz Works, which produced army uniforms and other necessities for the war effort, was moved to Trawniki along with its 10,000 workers. Included among the workers were Emanuel Ringelblum and 33 members of the Jewish Combat Organization (ZOB). Following the revolt at Sobibor in October 1943, Heinrich Himmler ordered the liquidation of all the camps in the Lublin district. Fearing similar uprisings in the camps, the Germans proceeded to murder some 43,000 Jews in the so-called Operation Erntefest. On 5 November 1943, the 10,000 Jewish prisoners of the Trawniki camp were brought to pits that had already been prepared, and killed. Led by the members of the Jewish Combat Organization, those Jews who belonged to the camp’s underground attempted resistance, but all were killed in battle. During its existence, approximately 20,000 Jews passed through the Trawniki labor camp.
   See also Lublin Ghetto; Oneg Shabbat.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trawniki concentration camp — was an SS labour camp which sent labour to a nearby industrial plant. The Trawniki camp was commanded by Hauptsturmführer Theodor von Eupen. It also trained Eastern European Hiwi (volunteers), for service with Nazi occupation forces in occupied… …   Wikipedia

  • Sobibor extermination camp — Sobibor redirects here. For the nearby town, see Sobibór. Sobibor Extermination camp Nazi extermination camps in occupied Poland (marked with black and white skulls) …   Wikipedia

  • Auschwitz concentration camp — Auschwitz and Auschwitz Birkenau redirect here. For the town, see Oświęcim. Distinguish from Austerlitz. Or see Auschwitz (disambiguation) Auschwitz Concentration camp …   Wikipedia

  • Majdanek concentration camp — Majdanek redirects here. For other uses, see Majdanek (disambiguation). Majdanek Concentration camp Nazi extermination camps in occupied Poland (marked with black and white skulls) …   Wikipedia

  • Bełżec extermination camp — Belzec redirects here. For the nearby town, see Bełżec. Bełżec Extermination camp Belzec extermination camp memorial …   Wikipedia

  • Belzec extermination camp — Belzec (Bełżec, approximate Polish pronunciation bew zhets ) was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust. Operating in 1942, the camp was situated in occupied Poland about… …   Wikipedia

  • Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp — Płaszów concentration camp …   Wikipedia

  • Chełmno extermination camp — Nazi extermination camps in occupied Poland (marked with black and white skulls) …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Erntefest — (Operation Harvest Festival)    On 3–4 November 1943, the Germans shot 43,000 Jews residing in Schutzstaffel (SS) work camps located in the General Gouvernement. The operation was the largest single shooting massacre of Jews in the war and had as …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • The Holocaust — Holocaust and Shoah redirect here. For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). Selection on …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.