Volkstumkampf or racial war is the term used by Adolf Hitler and the hierarchy of the Schutzstaffel (SS) to describe Nazi Germany’s war against the Jews, Poles, and the Slavic peoples of Eastern Europe in general. The war against Poland was not an ordinary war but a new kind of conflict, a Volkstumskampf, or ethnic struggle, that combined Nazi Germany’s ideological racial goals with the traditional military and political objectives of Lebensraum (living space), or the creation of a German empire in Eastern Europe. The brutality of the German occupation of Poland served as a laboratory for the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

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  • Nazi Germany —    Nazi Germany refers to the totalitarian rule of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist Party between 1933 and 1945. Appointed chancellor in April 1933, Hitler established his dictatorship over Germany following the death of President Paul von …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

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