Located north of Weimar, Buchenwald was founded in July 1937. The camp was initially used to incarcerate political prisoners, but subsequently the Nazis added “asocials” to the camp mix. Following Kristallnacht on 9–10 November 1938, about 10,000 Jews were incarcerated, but most were released by the end of the month. Buchenwald was used by the Germans, prior to the outbreak of the war in September 1939, to terrorize Jews into leaving the country. In October 1942, the incarcerated Jews in Buchenwald were transferred to Auschwitz. When the Germans commenced the dismantlement of Auschwitz in January 1945, thousands of Jews were moved to Buchenwald, where many of them were used in medical experiments. The Germans began to evacuate the camp in April 1945, but of the 28,250 prisoners designated for removal from the main camp, between 7,000 and 8,000 were either killed or died by some other means. On April 11, approximately 21,000 prisoners, including 4,000 Jews, were liberated by American forces.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BUCHENWALD — BUCHENWALD, German concentration camp on the Ettersberg, near Weimar. Opened on July 19, 1937, it was one of the largest camps in Germany proper with 130 satellite camps and units. Buchenwald was considered the worst of the camps prior to World… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Buchenwald — steht für: Rotbuchenwald, ein Biotoptypus Eigenname: KZ Buchenwald, ein nationalsozialistisches Konzentrationslager in Deutschland Speziallager Nr. 2 in Buchenwald, ein sowjetisches Lager auf dem gleichen Gelände ab 1945 Bakonywald, eine Region… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Buchenwald — localité de Thuringe (Allemagne) où fut installé de 1937 à 1945 un camp de concentration nazi …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Buchenwald — (izg. bȕhnvald) m DEFINICIJA naselje S od Weimara u sred. Njemačkoj; od 1937 1945. nacistički koncentracioni logor …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Buchenwald — [bo͞o′kən wôld΄; ] Ger [ bo͞okh′ən vält΄] village in central Germany, near Weimar, in the state of Thuringia: site of a Nazi concentration camp and extermination center …   English World dictionary

  • Buchenwald — 51° 01′ 17″ N 11° 14′ 57″ E / 51.0213, 11.24928 Buchenwald était un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Buchenwald — /booh keuhn wawld , book euhn /; Ger. /boohkh euhn vahlt /, n. site of a former Nazi concentration camp in central Germany, near Weimar. * * * One of the first and biggest of the German Nazi concentration camps, established in 1937 near Weimar.… …   Universalium

  • Buchenwald — Bu|chen|wald, der: Wald aus Buchen. * * * Buchenwald,   Name für Lageranlagen auf dem Ettersberg bei Weimar:   1) nationalsozialistische Konzentrationslager (1937 45), von der SS im Juli 1937 als Barackenlager für etwa 8 000 Insassen (Name… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Buchenwald — Uno de los primeros y más grandes campos de concentración de la Alemania nazi, establecido en 1937 cerca de Weimar. Durante la segunda guerra mundial tuvo cerca de 20.000 prisioneros, la mayoría de los cuales trabajaron como esclavos en las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Buchenwald — Sp Bùchenvaldas Ap Buchenwald L konc. stovykla C Vokietijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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