Dachau was the first of the Nazi concentration camps and was located about 10 miles from Munich. The camp, which had the capacity to hold 5,000 prisoners, was opened on 20 March 1933. In June 1933 Theodor Eicke was appointed camp commandant and immediately gave it a structure, in the form of his brutal rules and regulations that were applied to the other concentration camps that the Germans constructed throughout the Reich. Dachau was founded as a “political camp” with the objective of “rehabilitating” those who opposed the regime. Under Eicke, Dachau’s reputation struck fear among the German population. In the early years, those imprisoned in Dachau were not primarily Jews but also included communists, Social Democrats, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Gypsies, homosexuals, and anyone suspected of disparaging the regime.
   See also Liberation.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

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  • Dachau — Dachau, Flecken und Bezirksamtshauptort im bayr. Regbez. Oberbayern, auf einer Anhöhe an der Amper und an der Staatsbahnlinie München Ingolstadt Hof, 505 m ü. M., hat 2 kath. Kirchen, ein hochgelegenes Schloß, ein Denkmal des Kurfürsten Karl… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Dachau — Dachau, bayer. Stadt an der Ammer, unweit München, mit 1400 E., Brauereien und Brennereien, Getreide und Holzhandel; Schloß. Das D.er Moos ist eine 5 M. lange, 1 M. breite Ebene nach der Isar hin, sumpfig, zum Theil mit Schilf u. Riedgras… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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  • Dachau — town in Bavaria, Germany, from O.H.G. daha clay + ouwa island, describing its situation on high ground by the Amper River. Infamous as the site of a Nazi concentration camp nearby, opened in 1933 as a detention site for political prisoners and… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Dachau — (izg. dàhau) m DEFINICIJA grad u Gornjoj Bavarskoj, Njemačka, 36.000 stan.; od 1933. u njegovoj blizini istoimeni, prvi nacistički koncentracioni logor …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Dachau — [dä′khou] city in S Germany, near Munich, in the state of Bavaria: pop. 34,000: site (1933 45) of a Nazi concentration camp & extermination center …   English World dictionary

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