Eisenhower, Dwight David
- (1890–1969)As Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in World War II, General Eisenhower, the future 34th president of the United States, had been given information about the Nazi concentration camp system well before he led the invasion to liberate Western Europe (June 1944). Reports on the massive genocide inflicted on Jews, Gypsies, political prisoners, homosexuals, dissidents, and other groups by the Schutzstaffel (SS) had been circulated among all the Allied leaders. Very few of the Allied commanders, however, had an accurate conception of what is now known to the world as the Holocaust until their troops began to encounter the death camps as they marched into western Germany. On 4 April 1945, elements of the U.S. Army’s 89th Infantry Division and the Fourth Armored Division captured the Ohrdruf concentration camp outside the town of Gotha in southcentral Germany. Although the Americans did not know it at the time, Ohrdruf was one of several subcamps serving the Buchenwald extermination camp, which was close to the city of Weimar several miles north of Gotha. Ohrdruf was a holding facility for over 11,000 prisoners on their way to the gas chambers and crematoria at Buchenwald. A few days before the Americans arrived to liberate Ohrdruf, the SS guards had assembled all of the inmates who could walk and marched them off to Buchenwald. They left in the subcamp more than a thousand bodies of prisoners who had died of bullet wounds, starvation, abuse, and disease.The scene was an indescribable horror even to the combat-hardened troops who captured the camp. Bodies were piled throughout the camp. There was evidence everywhere of systematic butchery. Many of the mounds of dead bodies were still smoldering from failed attempts by the departing SS guards to burn them. The stench was horrible.When General Eisenhower learned about the camp, he immediately arranged to meet Generals Omar Bradley and George Patton at Ohrdruf on the morning of 12 April. By that time, Buchenwald itself had been captured. Consequently, Eisenhower decided to extend the group’s visit to include a tour of the Buchenwald extermination camp the next day. He also ordered every American soldier in the area who was not on the front lines to visit Ohrdruf and Buchenwald. He wanted them to see for themselves what they were fighting against. During the camp inspections with his top commanders, Eisenhower said that the atrocities were “beyond the American mind to comprehend.” He ordered that every citizen of the town of Gotha personally tour the camp and, after having done so, the mayor and his wife went home and hanged themselves. Later on Ike wrote to his wife, Mamie, “I never dreamed that such cruelty, bestiality, and savagery could really exist in this world.” He cabled General George Marshall to suggest that he come to Germany and see these camps for himself. He encouraged Marshall to bring congressmen and journalists with him. Still it would be many months before the world would know the full scope of the Holocaust, and that the Nazi murder apparatus had slaughtered millions of innocent people. General Eisenhower himself understood that many people would be unable to comprehend the full scope of this horror. He also realized that any human deeds that were so utterly evil might eventually be challenged or even denied as being literally unbelievable. For these reasons, he ordered that all the civilian news media and military combat camera units be required to visit the camps and record their observations in print, pictures, and film. As he explained to General Marshall, “I made the visit deliberately, in order to be in a position to give first-hand evidence of these things if ever, in the future, there develops a tendency to charge these allegations merely to ‘propaganda.’”See also Holocaust Denial.
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. 2014.
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EISENHOWER, DWIGHT DAVID° — (1890–1969), U.S. soldier, supreme commander of the Allies European Theater of Operations during World War II, and 34th president of the United States. During World War II, he commanded the U.S. troops in the United Kingdom, and then the Allied… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Eisenhower,Dwight David — Ei·sen·how·er (īʹzən hou ər), Dwight David. Known as “Ike.” 1890 1969. American general and the 34th President of the United States (1953 1961). As supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force (1943 1945) he launched the invasion of… … Universalium
Eisenhower, Dwight David — (“Ike”) (1890 1969) 34th president of the United States. Born in Denison, Texas, Dwight D. (“Ike”) Eisenhower graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1915 and was commissioned in the infantry. During World War I, Eisenhower remained in… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Eisenhower, Dwight David — (1890–1969) Thirty fourth president of the United States. As supreme commander of the Allied forces in the invasion of Europe, General Eisenhower showed great humanity and sympathy in Jewish matters. On the German surrender, he immediately had … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Eisenhower, Dwight David — ► (1890 1969) General estadounidense. Comandante supremo aliado en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, dirigió las invasiones del norte de África (1942) e Italia (1943) y el desembarco de Normandía (1944), que condujo a la victoria final aliada. Fue… … Enciclopedia Universal
Eisenhower, Dwight David — (1890–1969) U.S. general and president (1953–1961) … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Dwight David Eisenhower — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Eisenhower. Dwight David Eisenhower … Wikipédia en Français
Dwight David Eisenhower — US Präsident Dwight D. Eisenhower (offizielles Foto) Dwight „Ike“ David Eisenhower (* 14. Oktober 1890 in Denison, Texas; † 28. März 1969 in Washington D.C.) war der 34. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika ( … Deutsch Wikipedia
Eisenhower, Dwight D. — ▪ president of United States Introduction in full Dwight David Eisenhower born October 14, 1890, Denison, Texas, U.S. died March 28, 1969, Washington, D.C. 34th president of the United States (1953–61), who had been supreme commander of the… … Universalium
Dwight David Eisenhower — noun United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany; 34th President of the United States (1890 1961) • Syn: ↑Eisenhower, ↑Dwight Eisenhower, ↑Dwight D. Eisenhower, ↑Ike, ↑President Eisenhower •… … Useful english dictionary