- (1929–1944)The efforts of Dutch Jews to escape deportation to the death camps included a number of Jews who went into hiding. The best-known example of “diving under,” as the expression was used to describe those who hid from the Germans, was the Frank family. Anne Frank and her family went into hiding on 9 July 1942 but not before Otto Frank, her father, had planned the move. Having few illusions about the Nazis, Otto Frank, who had emigrated to the Netherlands from Germany, began the preparations almost immediately after the German occupation of the country. In an incremental but methodical manner, the Franks moved their possessions to the vacant annex located at the top of a house on Prinsengracht 263.They remained there until 4 August 1944, when the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) in Amsterdam received an anonymous phone call that disclosed the Franks’ hiding place. When the police arrived and arrested the Franks, they also searched for money and jewelry. In the process of searching for valuables, a policeman inadvertently emptied an attache case that contained Anne Frank’s diary. After the police departed, Miep Gies, one of Otto Frank’s employees, returned to the annex and found the diary, which has since become a classic in the literature of the Holocaust.The Franks were sent to the Westerbork camp and then deported to Auschwitz, where Anne’s mother, Edith, perished. Anne and her sister Margot were sent to Bergen-Belsen at the end of October 1944, where both died of typhus. Otto Frank was the only surviving member of the family.
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
FRANK, ANNE — (1929–1945), teenage Holocaust victim who won fame following the posthumous publication of her now famous diary. Through the pages of this book, which she composed during more than two years of hiding from her Nazi persecutors, she has emerged as … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Frank,Anne — Frank (frăngk, frängk), Anne. 1929 1945. German Jewish diarist who fled from Nazi Germany to Amsterdam with her family (1933) and kept a diary during her years in hiding (1942 1944). She and her family were captured (August 1944) and sent to… … Universalium
Frank, Anne — (1929–45) Nazi victim. On her thirteenth birthday, 12 June 1942, Anne Frank received amongst her presents an exercise book with a stiff cover, in which she began to keep a diary. She noted that it was an odd idea, for who would be interested… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Frank, Anne — ▪ German diarist in full Annelies Marie Frank born June 12, 1929, Frankfurt am Main, Germany died March 1945, Bergen Belsen concentration camp, near Hannover, Germany young Jewish girl whose diary of her family s two years in hiding… … Universalium
FRANK, Anne — (1929–1945) Jewish girl born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, who fled with her parents to Holland in 1933 after the Nazis seized power in Germany. During World War II, the Frank family went into hiding in the back part of their house… … Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands
Frank, Anne — 1929–1945 Anne Frank is known to millions because of the record she left of her experience of the war. In her diary she described how her family and some friends lived in an attic from July 1942, when they feared they might be sent to… … Who’s Who in World War Two
Frank, Anne — (1929 45) Dutch diarist. Her family fled from Germany to Amsterdam in 1933. When deportations of Jews from Holland began in 1942, she and her family went into hiding. In December 1944 she was deported to Bergen Belsen where she died. Her diary … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Frank, Anne(lies Marie) — born June 12, 1929, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died March 1945, Bergen Belsen concentration camp, near Hannover German diarist. Frank was a young Jewish girl who kept a record of the two years her family spent in hiding in Amsterdam to escape Nazi… … Universalium
Anne Franck — Anne Frank Pour les articles homonymes, voir Frank. Pour l’article homophone, voir Franck. Anne Frank … Wikipédia en Français
Anne frank — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Frank. Pour l’article homophone, voir Franck. Anne Frank … Wikipédia en Français