- The term is generally credited to Raphael Lemkin, who in his 1944 book Axis Rule in Occupied Europe, Laws of Occupation-Analysis of Government, Propositions for Redress, coined the term, which refers to the deliberate policy of a state to murder an entire racial, political, or cultural group of people. Inasmuch as the Germans deliberately targeted the entire Jewish people for extinction, the Holocaust marks the most extreme form of genocide. The war against the Jews, however, was not the only act of genocide perpetrated by the Nazis during World War II. The Germans attempted to exterminate the entire Polish ruling, political, and intellectual leadership, as well much of the Gypsy population that fell under its control.The precedent for the Nazi genocide was conducted against its own people when Adolf Hitler signed the order that authorized the Euthanasia Program in Germany following the start of the war in September 1939. Despite the evidence culled from the Nazi archives, the eyewitness accounts of survivors of the Holocaust, the photos taken by the Allies when they liberated the concentration camps, and the volumes of evidence presented at the Nuremberg Trials and the subsequent trials of Nazi war criminals and their collaborators, neo-Nazis both in the United States and in Europe continue to either negate the Holocaust, or insist that the number of Jews murdered by the Nazis is highly exaggerated. In the United States, the Institute for Historical Review publishes periodicals and sponsors conferences dealing with Holocaust denial. Notwithstanding the lessons of the Holocaust, the world has witnessed in recent years a genocidal war in Rwanda between the Hutus and the Tutsis, acts of mass extermination in Zaire, and “ethnic cleansing” in wars in Bosnia and Darfur. Responses of the international community to these acts of genocide have been as slow as during the Holocaust.
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Genocide — Génocide Un génocide est l extermination physique, intentionnelle, systématique et programmée d un groupe ou d une partie d un groupe en raison de ses origines ethniques, religieuses ou sociales. Sommaire 1 Étymologie 2 Définition … Wikipédia en Français
GÉNOCIDE — Inventée par le professeur américain d’origine polonaise R. Lemkin qui, pour ce faire, n’a tenu aucun compte des règles élémentaires de l’étymologie, l’expression gréco latine de «génocide» cherche à introduire pour les groupes entiers d’humains… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Genocide — Genocide literally means the murder of an entire race. Raphael Lemkin coined the term in reference to the Ottoman Turkish massacres of the Armenians during World War I. Following the Nazi atrocities against the Jews in World War II, the… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
genocide — geno·cide / je nə ˌsīd/ n: acts committed with intent to partially or wholly destroy a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group; also: the crime of committing such an act Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. genocide … Law dictionary
genocide — gen o*cide n. The systematic killing of a racial or cultural group; as, the Nazi genocide of Jews left few in Germany or Poland after World War II. Syn: race murder, racial extermination. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
genocide — 1944, apparently coined by Polish born U.S. jurist Raphael Lemkin (1900 1959) in his work Axis Rule in Occupied Europe [p.19], in reference to Nazi extermination of Jews, lit. killing a tribe, from Gk. genos race, kind (see GENUS (Cf. genus)) +… … Etymology dictionary
genocide — [n] mass extermination annihilation, carnage, decimation, ethnic cleansing, holocaust, massacre, mass execution, mass murder, race extermination, slaughter; concept 252 … New thesaurus
genocide — ► NOUN ▪ the deliberate killing of a very large number of people from a particular ethnic group or nation. DERIVATIVES genocidal adjective. ORIGIN from Greek genos race + CIDE(Cf. ↑ cide) … English terms dictionary
genocide — [jen′ə sīd΄] n. [< Gr genos, race, kind (see GENUS) + CIDE: first applied to the attempted extermination of the Jews by Nazi Germany] the systematic killing of, or a program of action intended to destroy, a whole national or ethnic group… … English World dictionary
Genocide — This article is about the crime. For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). Buchenwald concentration camp was technically not an extermination camp, though it was a site of an extraordinary number of deaths … Wikipedia
Génocide — Un génocide est l extermination physique, intentionnelle, systématique et programmée d un groupe ou d une partie d un groupe en raison de ses origines ethniques, religieuses ou sociales. Sommaire 1 Histoire et étymologie 2 Définition … Wikipédia en Français