- The “Jewish question” refers to the hostile response of European nationalists in the post-Emancipation era to the presence of Jews as a people in the midst of the newly created nation-states of the 19th century. The term became associated with the increased anti-Semitism in the later part of the century and into the 20th century.In Nazi Germany, the term “Jewish Question” (Judenfrage) referred to the anti-Semitic racial theories and policies of the Third Reich. Initially the Jewish question was to be solved by resettling Jews in Madagascar, and following the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, the plan was to resettle the Jews in the vast lands of Siberia. After initial setbacks in the war, the decision was made by mid-December 1941 at the latest, to implement a so-called Final Solution to the Jewish question, the systematic annihilation of European Jewry.
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. 2014.
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