Pogroms in Poland
- Allegations of the medieval “blood libel” led to violence against the Jewish community of Kielce in Poland on 4 July 1946. The pogrom was instigated by the police and resulted in 42 Polish Jews being murdered and 40 being injured out of some 200 Holocaust survivors who had returned to Kielce after the war following their liberation from Nazi concentration camps. The Kielce pogrom was preceded by a pogrom based on the blood libel in the Polish town of Rzeszow when a rabbi and other Jewish leaders were arrested by police and accused of ritual murder of a nine-yearold girl. They were eventually released but not before a riot against Jews resulted in beatings and robberies. This pogrom was followed by one in Krakow, where the blood libel ignited a riot wherein a mob stormed and plundered a synagogue, killed several Jews, and seriously injured dozens more. The pogroms shocked the surviving remnant of Polish Jewry as well as the international community, as it indicated that following the disclosure of the near genocide of the Jewish people, virulent anti-Semitism continued to be present in Polish life.
Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. 2014.
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