Typhus

   Typhus, also known as spotted fever, is a feared epidemic disease caused by poor hygiene, filth, famine, and extreme cold. The louse (pediculis corporis) is the vector of typhus and breeds in times of disaster such as in wartime and in overcrowded conditions. The Nazis believed that typhus was innate to the Jews and that the disease was spread by the Jewish population. For this reason, the Germans forbade Aryan doctors to treat sick Jews because of the belief that they would directly or indirectly infect the Aryan population. Jews contracted typhus, stated German health officials, not because of the unsanitary living conditions in the crowded ghettos, but because Jewish blood and genes predisposed Jewish bodies to infection. In fact, typhus caused only 3 percent of the deaths in the ghettos. Anne Frank and her sister, Margot, however, both died of typhus in Bergen-Belsen in March 1945. Diseases associated with crowded and unsanitary conditions, such as typhus fever, dysentery, tuberculosis, and starvation, constituted the vast majority of Jewish deaths in the ghettos of Poland.
   In the spring of 1943, an exhibit opened in Warsaw that had as its theme the association of Jews with typhus and lice. It is estimated that more than 50,000 people attended the exhibit, including children whose attendance was made compulsory. Literature was distributed that warned that Jews were to be feared because they were the primary carriers of typhus-infested lice and that Jewish flesh poisoned all those who touched it. One handout cautioned that coming anywhere near a Jew caused illness, fever, and possibly death.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

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  • TYPHUS — Le terme de typhus, du grec tuphos (stupeur), est assez vague et ancien. En effet, il a été appliqué pour la première fois avec exactitude à la maladie infectieuse appelée actuellement rickettsiose à pou, par Boissier de Sauvages, au XVIIIe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Typhus — Typhus: »Typhus« ist die in der Allgemeinsprache übliche Kurzbezeichnung für »Typhus abdominalis«, den medizinischen Namen einer mit schweren Bewusstseinsstörungen verbundenen fieberhaften Infektionskrankheit des Unterleibs. Die Bezeichnung kam… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Typhus — Sm (eine Infektionskrankheit) erw. fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Als Typhus abdominali Neubildung zu gr. tỹphos Rauch, Qualm, Schwindel , zu gr. týphesthai dampfen, qualmen, rauchen . So bezeichnet, weil die Erkrankten zunehmend schläfrig werden… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Typhus — (griech. typhos, »Rauch, Dunst, Stumpfsinn«, bei Hippokrates wahrscheinlich »Blödsinn«), Bezeichnung verschiedener unter heftigem Fieber verlaufender Krankheitszustände, bei denen das Nervensystem in der schwersten Weise ergriffen zu sein und der …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • TYPHUS — Graece Τύφος, memoratus Philoni, l. de Temul. de vita Mosis, l. 3. libro de Spec. Legibus, et de Monarchia, l. 2. non mania est seu stultitia, ut apud Hippocratem, Plutarchum, Lucianum et Suidam; Arnobium item, l. 2. mentis elatio et typhus, ex… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • typhus — [tī′fəs] n. [ModL < Gr typhos, vapor, fever, stupor, akin to typhein, to smoke, be cloudy < IE base * dheu : see DULL] an acute infectious disease caused by various rickettsiae (esp. Rickettsia prowazekii) transmitted to people by the bite… …   English World dictionary

  • Typhus — Ty phus, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? smoke, cloud, stupor arising from fever; akin to ? to smoke, Skr. dh?pa smoke.] (Med.) A contagious continued fever lasting from two to three weeks, attended with great prostration and cerebral disorder, and marked by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Typhus — (v. gr.), typhöses od. Nervenfieber; eine typische, mit anhaltendem Fieber u. Hirnreizungssymptomen verlaufende, sich bes. auf den inneren Schleimhäuten (Ileotyphus, T. abdominalis, Dothienenteritis) od. der äußeren Haut (T. exanthematicus)… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Typhus — (grch.), mehrere akute Infektionskrankheiten, bei denen unter hohem Fieber die Funktionen des Gehirns schwer gestört sind, hochgradige Benommenheit besteht (Nervenfieber). Man unterscheidet: Abdominal T., exanthematischen oder Fleck T. (s.d.) und …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Typhus — Typhus, eine eigenthümliche, ansteckende Fieberkrankheit, welche ihre bestimmten Stadien durchläuft, und deren charakteristisches Kennzeichen Betäubung mit Wahnsinn ist. Bald endemisch, bald epidemisch haust sie vorzüglich in Lazarethen,… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

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