Wiesenthal, Simon

(1908–2006)
   The famed Nazi hunter was born in Galicia and resided in Lvov, Poland, at the outbreak of World War II in September 1939. A survivor of five concentration camps, Wiesenthal was liberated from Mauthausen by the Americans on 5 May 1945. An architect by training, Wiesenthal based himself after the war in Vienna, where he subsequently founded the Jewish Documentation Center in 1961 in the wake of the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Israel. Through his center, Wiesenthal gathered information regarding Nazi criminals. Wiesenthal has been credited with discovering the whereabouts of over 1,000 Nazis, including Franz Stangl, the commandant of Sobibor and Treblinka.
   In recent years, however, Wiesenthal has been accused of exaggerating his role in the pursuit of Josef Mengele, Martin Bormann, and Eichmann. The World Jewish Congress was also critical of Wiesenthal’s defense of Kurt Waldheim, the former president of Austria who was accused of participating and covering up his role in Nazi war crimes in the former Yugoslavia.
   Wiesenthal was also the author of many books on aspects of the Holocaust. Among his better known works are The Murderers amongst Us (1967), The Sunflower (1970), Max and Helen (1981), and Justice Not Vengeance (1989). In 1977, the Los Angeles Wiesenthal Center was established in his honor.
   See also Art and The Holocaust.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WIESENTHAL, SIMON — (1908–2005), the world s most famous Nazi hunter, the personification of the efforts to bring Nazi war criminals to justice after World War II. Born in the Galician city of Buczacz, then part of the Austro Hungarian Empire and after World War I… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wiesenthal, Simon — ▪ 2006       Austrian Nazi hunter and activist (b. Dec. 31, 1908, Buczacz, Austria Hungary [now Buchach, Ukraine] d. Sept. 20, 2005, Vienna, Austria), after having survived imprisonment during the Holocaust, relentlessly pursued Nazi war… …   Universalium

  • Wiesenthal,Simon — Wie·sen·thal (wēʹsən thäl , vēʹzĕn täl ), Simon. Born 1908. Ukranian born Holocaust survivor who, as founder (1961) and head of the Jewish Documentation Center, has tracked down more than 1,000 Nazi war criminals, most famously Adolf Eichmann. *… …   Universalium

  • Wiesenthal, Simon —  (1919–2005) Celebrated hunter of Nazi war criminals …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Wiesenthal, Simon — (1908 2005)    Galicia. Jewish Nazi hunter. He was active in seeing that the fate of the Gypsies during the Holocaust was not forgotten …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • Simon Wiesenthal — Simon Wiesenthal, 1999 Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Simon Wiesenthal — vers 1999/2000 Sir Simon Wiesenthal, KBE est né sous le nom de Szymon Wiesenthal le 31 décembre 1908 à Buczacz en Autriche Hongrie (aujourd hui Boutchatch en Ukraine) et est décédé le 20 septembre 2005 à Vienne (Autr …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wiesenthal — Simon Wiesenthal Simon Wiesenthal Sir Simon Wiesenthal, KBE est né sous le nom de Szymon Wiesenthal le 31 décembre 1908 à Buczacz en Autriche Hongrie (aujourd hui Boutchatch en Ukraine) et est décédé le 20 septembre 2005 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Simon-Wiesenthal-Center — in Los Angeles Das Simon Wiesenthal Center, gegründet 1977, ist eine internationale Menschenrechtsorganisation mit Hauptsitz in Los Angeles und setzt sich hauptsächlich mit der Thematik des Holocausts auseinander. Es verfolgt das Ziel, Toleranz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Simon-Wiesenthal-Zentrum — Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles Das Simon Wiesenthal Center, gegründet 1977, ist eine internationale Menschenrechtsorganisation mit Hauptsitz in Los Angeles und setzt sich hauptsächlich mit der Thematik des Holocausts auseinander. Es… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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